Sunday, February 8th, 2009


bismillahBismillahirRahmanirRahim

The fifty-four fard every Muslim should know

  1. To be constant in Allah’s remembrance, reciting BismillahirRahmanirRahim with every action, and Zikrullah at all times.
  2. To wear only lawful (Halal) clothes.
  3. To make Wudu and Ghusl when it is required.
  4. To establish daily prayer (Namaz/Salat).
  5. To believe in and put absolute trust in Allah’s promise in taking of one’s sustenance (Rizq).
  6. To consume only lawful (Halal) foods and drinks.
  7. To have contentment (Qana’ah).
  8. To have trust (Tawakkul) in Allah.
  9. To have trust in Allah’s Qada’ and Qadar.
  10. To count one’s blessings and show gratitude (Shukr) for Allah’s bounties.
  11. To show patience (Sabr) towards hardships and calamities.
  12. To repent (Tawbah) on regular basis.
  13. To worship (Ibadah) Allah with utmost sincerity (Ikhlas).
  14. To regard Satan, (Shaytan) as the number one personal and public enemy.
  15. To base one’s worldview and actions on the Kuran.
  16. To prepare oneself for death.
  17. To enjoin what is lawful and virtuous in accordance with Allah’s Law (Al-Amri b’l-Maruf) and prohibit what is unlawful, vice and evil (Wa’n Nahyi ‘ani’l-Munkar).
  18. To abstain from back-biting (Ghiybah) and malice.
  19. To obey and show gratitude to one’s parents and to treat them with respect and love.
  20. To maintain bonds of kinship (Silatu’r-Rahm) with one’s relatives.
  21. To uphold the Trust (Amanah) and refrain from any betrayal.
  22. To abstain from unlawful humor (Mizah) – not poke fun at religious matters.
  23. To obey Allah and His Messenger, peace be upon him.
  24. To seek refuge in Allah from all evil and transgressions.
  25. To fear Allah (Taqwa).
  26. To look at things – the Universe – with a discerning eye to learn a lesson, to take an admonition (Ibrah) and heed from them.
  27. To contemplate deeply (Tafakkur) on Allah’s creation, but not about Allah’s Essence.
  28. To protect one’s tongue from evil utterances.
  29. To abstain from committing evil and unlawful things.
  30. To refrain from mocking anybody (Istihza).
  31. To keep away from unlawful intercourse (Zina).
  32. To be righteous under all circumstances.
  33. To shun pride, arrogance and self conceit.
  34. To abstain from practicing magic (Sihir).
  35. To maintain right measure and weight in business transaction.
  36. To fear Allah’s punishment, even though His mercy and compassion are overwhelming.
  37. To give charity (Sadaqah) from one’s share of sustenance (Rizq) to those in need.
  38. To abstain from giving up hope from Allah’s mercy.
  39. To guard strictly the five daily prayers (Namaz/Salat).
  40. To refrain from following the desires (Shahawat), whims and wishes (Hawa’) of the ego (Nafs).
  41. To do everything for the sake of Allah.
  42. To exert effort to acquire Islamic knowledge.
  43. To give Zekat and refrain from refusing to give to the poor and the needy.
  44. To abstain from conjugal relations during menses or post-natal bleeding.
  45. To keep one’s heart clean from all sins.
  46. To avoid misappropriating the orphan’s possessions, and be kind and caring.
  47. To refrain from pride and arrogance.
  48. To avoid Homosexuality (Liwata). In another version, looking at young boys with desire.
  49. To avoid misappropriating people’s riches through tyranny, and accumulating wealth unjustly.
  50. To avoid assigning partners (Shirk) to Allah and all of its forms.
  51. To avoid receiving or giving bribery.
  52. To abstain from using Allah’s name in vain and making false oaths.
  53. To abstain from all intoxicants and gambling.
  54. To refrain from rubbing in or taunting someone for the past favors one has done for him.

Adapted from Kolay Namaz Hocasi, Hattat Hafiz Yusuf Tavasli, 2005

There are a couple of other similar lists with minor differences. All in all, the message is clear.

Yes, pride and arrogance were repeated. Perhaps it was an error, or it might have been replaced on purpose. Newer editions of Islamic books are being tampered with. Which is another reason why we should follow a human guide and not try to take directly from books. I will take the repetition to show the importance of this point.

Another list I came across, attributed to Hasan Al-Basri (qs), also mentions the following:

  1. To abstain from impertinent behavior which leads to transgression.
  2. To refrain from listening to ugly and unlawful things.
  3. To abstain from becoming complacent in regards to Allah’s plans over one’s affairs.
  4. To abstain from indulgence, luxury and waste (Israf).
  5. To love for the sake of Allah (Al-Hubbu Fillah), and to detest for the sake of Allah (Al-Bughdu Fillah).
  6. To protect one’s eyes from gazing at Haram things.
  7. To abstain from having suspicion and ill thoughts (Sui-z-Zann) towards Allah and Mu’minin.

This post is meant as a reminder for myself and others.

Pre-Zikir Sohbet | [Download]

Osmanli Dergahi, New York